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三十六计原文和三十六计译文

2008-05-21
三十六计原文,三十六计译文
三十六计原文和三十六计译文,三十六计英文翻译表达

《三十六计》是根据我国古代卓越的军事思想和丰富的斗争经验总结而成的兵书。三十六计是我国古代兵家计谋的总结和军事谋略学的宝贵遗产,为便于人们熟记这三十六条妙计,有位学者在三十六计中每取一字,依序组成一首诗:金玉檀公策,借以擒劫贼,鱼蛇海间笑,羊虎桃桑隔,树暗走痴故,釜空苦远客,屋梁有美尸,击魏连伐虢。

  原书按计名排列,共分六套,既胜战计、敌战计、攻战计、混战计、并战计、败战计。前三套是处于优势所用之计,后三套是处于劣势所用之计。每套各包含六计,总共三十六计。其中每计名称后的解说,均系依据《易经》中的阴阳变化之理及古代兵家刚柔、奇正、攻防、彼己、虚实、主客等对立关系相互转化的思想推演而成,含有朴素的军事辩证法的因素。

三十六计译文,三十六计英译

三十六计(Thirty-Six Stratagems)

三十六计原文和三十六计译文之胜战计

1.瞒天过海crossing the sea under camouflage

2.围魏救赵relieving the state of Zhao by besieging the state of Wei

3.借刀杀人killing someone with a borrowed knife

4.以逸待劳waiting at one’s ease for the exhausted enemy

5.趁火打劫plundering a burning house

6.声东击西making a feint to the east and attacking in the west

三十六计原文和三十六计译文之敌战计

7.无中生有creating something out of nothing

8.暗渡陈仓advancing secretly by an unknown path

9.隔岸观火watching a fire from the other side of the river

10.笑里藏刀covering the dagger with a smile

11.李代桃僵palming off substitute for the real thing

12.顺手牵羊picking up something in passing

三十六计原文和三十六计译文之攻战计

13.打草惊蛇beating the grass to frighten the snake

14.借尸还魂resurrecting a dead soul by borrowing a corpse

15.调虎离山luring the tiger out of his den

16.欲擒故纵letting the enemy off in order to catch him

17.抛砖引玉giving the enemy something to induce him to lose more valuable things

18.擒贼擒王capturing the ringleader first in order to capture all the followers

三十六计原文和三十六计译文之混战计

19.釜底抽薪extracting the firewood from under the cauldron

20.混水摸鱼muddling the water to catch the fish; fishing in troubled waters

三十六计英文表达

21.金蝉脱壳slipping away by casting off a cloak; getting away like the cicada sloughing its skin

22.关门捉贼catching the thief by closing / blocking his escape route

23.远交近攻befriending the distant enemy while attacking a nearby enemy

24.假途伐虢attacking the enemy by passing through a common neighbor

三十六计原文和三十六计译文之并战计

25.偷梁换柱stealing the beams and pillars and replacing them with rotten timbers

26.指桑骂槐reviling/ abusing the locust tree while pointing to the mulberry

27.假痴不癫feigning madness without becoming insane

28.上屋抽梯removing the ladder after the enemy has climbed up the roof

29.树上开花putting artificial flowers on trees

30.反客为主turning from the guest into the host

三十六计原文和三十六计译文之败战计

31.美人计using seductive women to corrupt the enemy

32.空城计presenting a bold front to conceal unpreparedness

33.反间计sowing discord among the enemy

34.苦肉计deceiving the enemy by torturing one’s own man

35.连环计coordinating one stratagem with another

36.走为上decamping being the best; running away as the best choice
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